Week 5 Lab: Due-diligence Mapping


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Your task for this lab is to create marketing material for a timberland parcel being advertised on the Land Watch website. You will 1) locate teh parcel in QPublic, 2) download multiple years worth of aerial photos, soils, hydrology, watershed boundaries, and roads from the NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway, 3) import the data into a file geodatabase, and 4) output a series of maps for the site.  (No digitizing in this lab!)

Due-diligence Mapping

Due-diligence mapping is the term I use when I create a series of maps showing all available data for a site.  Once you have all of the data stored locally and loaded in ArcMap and all of the map layout elements inserted, you turn a base layer on and export, turn that layer off and a new one on and export, then turn that layer off and another on and export, and so…

Prepare your workspace…

As always, create a new folder to store all of this week’s GIS data.  Make sure you know the path of this workspace.  It should be something like C:\Users\Profiles\Lowe\Downloads\Week5Lab\.  You will need to know where it is.  You can go ahead and create a file geodatabase, but there is no need to create any feature classes since the data you will use already exists – you will be importing the data, not creating new data for this lab.

Go ahead and open ArcMap and save the project to this workspace (File >> Save As).  Normally, you would also set the data frame coordinate system (View >> Data Frame Properties >> Coordinate System tab), but you haven’t figured out which UTM zone you will need to use.  It is best to hold off on this for now.

The lab…

Our client, Matre Forestry Consulting, has contracted us to map a 332 acre property they have for sale somewhere in Georgia.  The property is listed on Land Watch and also on www.matreforestry.com.  The original contract did not contain any any other information.

You will do the following:

  • Download the KML from QPublic and import it as a feature class in ArcMap
  • Use the Feature to Polygon tool to convert this layer to a polygon
  • Download your data from the NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway, unzip, and load into your Arcmap project
  • Clip the images to your surrounding site (right-click on raster layer >> Data >> Export Data), saving the output to your file geodatabase
  • Symbolize and label the NRCS roads and hydrology; prepare your layout
  • Turn on your boundary and the first image, export JPEG (File >> Export), turn off the first image
  • Turn on the second image, export JPEG, turn off the second image
  • Repeat for each NRCS raster

You must find the property before you can begin

The goal here is to figure out where this property is located.  Most helpful would be XY coordinates, street address, road intersection, or a visual cue and a general location to help you find the property in Google Earth.

  • Any information on the LandWatch website to help?
  • Any information on the consultant’s website?

Set the data frame coordinate system

At this point, you should know what county you are in.  Have you figured out what UTM zone you need to use?  If you are east of Atlanta, use UTM zone 17N and use UTM zone 16N if you are west of Atlanta.

In ArcMap, open the Coordinate System tab in the Data Frame properties (View >> Data Frame Properties) and set the proper coordinate system for this site.  Save your project.

Download the parcel KML from QPublic

Now that you know the county and have at least a general idea of where the property is located, visit the appropriate county QPublic site (hint: google <county> QPublic) and download the parcel’s KML.  QPublic is in the process of updating their web interface and it appears it does not provide an easy KML download link so you need to turn the “Beta Off” (upper right corner).

w5_QPublicNewInterface

Review the QPublic section of the week 2 lab for a QPublic/Import KML refresher.

Import KML, convert to polygon, and import into FGDB

Run the KML to Layer routine to import the QPublic data into ArcMap.  Use the Search box to find this tool (Windows >> Search).  This tool creates a line-type feature class, yet you need a polygon.  Change the layer’s color, the default is white.  Run the Feature to Polygon tool to do the conversion for you.  Make sure you specify the FGDB you created at the very start as your output location and you can name it Lab5Boundary.  You now have two layers in your ArcMap project.  Center on one of the layers (Right-Click >> Zoom to Layer) and then type “1:15840″ in the scale box to set the scale to 1″ to 660′ (1” to 10ch).  Save your ArcMap project (File >> Save)

Download your layers from the NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway

Give the NRCS Geospatial Data Gateway document a read for how to navigate this site.  You need to download the following in two separate orders:

  • Hydrography (rivers and streams)
  • 12 Digit Watershed Boundary (HUC 12 watershed boundary)
  • Digital Ortho County Mosaic of 7.5′ quads by APFO (georeferenced black and white aerial from 1993)
  • 2005 National Ag. Imagery Program Mosaic (georeferenced color aerial from 2005)
  • 2006 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2006)
  • 2007 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2007)
  • 2009 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2009)
  • 2010 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2010)
  • 2013 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2013)
  • 2015 NAIP (georeferenced color aerial from 2015)
  • Soil Survey Spatial and Tabular Data (soil survey data)
  • Digital Raster Graphic County Mosaic (georeferenced USGS Topo map)

Each of these downloads are compressed (zipped) files.  You must unzip each.  There is an additional compressed file inside the soil folder – uncompress this one as well.  Recall that you unzip a file from Windows Explorer (right-click >> Extract All…) then in the dialog that appears, type in the path of the working directory you created at the beginning – don’t let Windows decide where your data is stored!

ExtractAll

ExtractAll2

After extracting all of the data, your working directory will look like this:DirectoryListing

Load your NRCS layers

The uncompressed layers are scattered between 7 folders.

  • Load vector layers nhd24kst_l_ga259.shp and nhd24kwb_a_ga259.shp layers from the hydrography folder
  • Load vector layer wbdhu12_a_ga259.shp from the hydrologic_units folder
  • Load raster layers naip_1-1_2n_s_ga259_2005_1.sid and naip_1-1_2n_s_ga259_2006_1.sid from the imagery/compliance_fsa folder
  • Load raster layers ortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2007_1.sidortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2009_1.sidortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2010_1.sid, ortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2013_1.sid,  ortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2015_1.sid, and ortho_e1-1_s_ga259.sid.  Do not add the shapefiles in this directory.
  • Load the vector soils layer soilmu_a_ga259.shp from the soils/GA259/spatial folder
  • Load the raster digital raster graphic (DRG), drg_s_ga259.sid from the topographic_images folder
  • Load the street100k_l_ga259.shp vector layer from the transportation folder

Clip the rasters and save in the FGDB

Just in case, center on your boundary layer (right-click on your boundary layer >> Zoom to Layer) and then zoom out to 1:15840 (type 1:15840 in the scale box).

  • Extract the 2015 image: right-click on ortho_1-1_1n_s_ga259_2015_1.sid >> Data >> Export Data..
    .ExportData

    • Tick ‘Data Frame (Current)’ under Extent and Spatial Reference at the top
    • Navigate to your FGDB in the Location section
    • Name this “NAIP2015”
    • Hit Save
  • Repeat those steps for the NAIP 2005 – 2013 and name them NAIP2005 – NAIP2013.
  • Repeat with the ortho_e1_1_sga259.sid image and call it ORTHO1993
  • Repeat with the drg_s_ga259.sid image and call it USGSTOPO
  • Ensure you tick DATA FRAME (CURRENT) each time you export an image and you specify your working FGDB as the output location
  • Yes, add the layer when prompted

Use a dirty clip to extract the vectors

The lakes, rivers, soils, roads, and watershed vector layers cover the entire county.  Lets use a dirty clip to make the data a bit easier to handle.

Turn on the soils layer and turn off everything else.  Grab the SELECT FEATURE tool (to the right of the blue right arrow) and draw a box around all of the soil polygons you see on your screen.  The selected polygon features are blue.  Now:

  • Right-click on the soilmu_a_ga259 layer >> Data >> Export Data
    exportvector

    •  Use the file/open dialog to navigate to your FGDB,
      • Save As Type should be “File and Personal Geodatabase Feature classes”
      • name it soils and SAVE/OK/YES
  • Repeat for the wbdju12_a_ga259 layer; name it watershed_huc12
  • Repeat for the nhd24kwb_a_ga259 layer; name it lakes
  • Repeat for the nhd24kst_l_ga259 layer; name it rivers
  • Repeat for the street100k_l_ga259 layer; name it roads

Save your project

Organize the layers in your ArcMap project

At this point, you probably have quite a few layers shown in the TOC.  It is a good idea to remove the layers you won’t be using.  Keep the polygon parcel boundary, the dirty-clipped vectors, and the rasters you exported to your FGDB.  Remove all of the other layers.  Save your project.

Prepare your map layout

  • Enter Layout Mode
  • Zoom to your property boundary layer and then set the map scale to 1:12000
  • Add the required map element
  • Make sure you have a text box in which you enter the image source
  • Symbolize your boundary layer
  • Symbolize your road, river, and lake layers
  • Label the roads (open the road properties >> goto Label tab >> …)
    • Tick the Label Features box in the upper left
    • Specify the road name field as the label field
    • Adjust the label font and color (click the symbol button)
    • Use either white or black for the label color
    • Make sure the font size is not so large that it distracts from the map
  • Label the rivers layer with the river name

Save your project

Export maps

In this last step, you keep the boundary, road, river, and lake layers visible.  To get started, turn off all the other layers.

  • Turn the NAIP2015 image on, adjust the source text, export the map, turn the layer off.
  • Turn the NAIP2013 image on, adjust the source text, export the map, turn the layer off.
  • Repeat for NAIP2010, NAIP2009, NAIP2007, NAIP2006, NAIP2005, ORTHO1993, and USGSTOPO
  • Prepare the soils map export
    • Symbolize the soils layer as hollow with a light brown or burnt orange outline color.
    • Label the polygons based on the MUSYM field, match the label color to the polygon outline color.
    • Turn the NAIP2015 layer on
    • You should see the image and the soil boundaries and the soil labels as well as the road, river, and lake layers
    • Export the map

Save your project.  Make sure you know where you saved your project, you WILL use it later on.

Upload the following to the ELC dropbox by midnight, next Thursday.

  • Multiple maps (JPEGS) with property boundary, roads, rivers, streams overlaying the NAIP2015, NAIP2013, NAIP2010, NAIP2009, NAIP2007, NAIP2006, NAIP2005, ORTHO1993, USGSTOPO, and the soil map overlaying the NAIP2015 layer; name these <LastName>
  • A Word document addressing
    • The problem you attempted to solve through your analysis (or map)
    • The results of your analysis or what story you are trying to tell with your map
    • Give me an example of how a similar analysis can be applied to an unrelated management problem or how a manager might use your map(s) to address realistic management issues.